University Of Virginia Researchers Develop “Miracle Material” For Carbon Capture

University Of Virginia Researchers Develop “Miracle Material” For Carbon Capture - Carbon Herald

Researchers at the University of Virginia (UVA) have made a significant advancement with MOF-525, a metal-organic framework (MOF) “miracle material” that efficiently captures and converts carbon dioxide (CO2) into useful chemicals.

Led by Assistant Professor Gaurav Giri, the team developed a scalable manufacturing process using solution shearing techniques, allowing MOF-525 to be applied over large areas, enhancing its effectiveness in CO2 capture and conversion, UVA announced last week.

This method presents practical applications for large-scale carbon capture, potentially offering substantial environmental and energy benefits.

MOFs like MOF-525 possess ultra-porous, crystalline structures with vast internal surface areas that can trap various chemical compounds.

The new fabrication method involves mixing MOF components in a solution, spreading it across a substrate with a shearing blade, and allowing it to evaporate, forming a thin film.

This technique creates a membrane capable of both capturing and converting CO2, paving the way for more efficient and economically viable carbon capture solutions.

Relevant: University of Guelph Awarded $31.8M In Federal Funding For Innovative Carbon Capture Research

One of the key applications demonstrated by Giri’s group is the electrocatalytic conversion of CO2 to carbon monoxide (CO), a valuable chemical for producing fuels, pharmaceuticals, and other products.

This process requires minimal energy input, using electricity to catalyze the reaction, which is more sustainable than traditional methods driven by heat or pressure.

The scalability of the solution shearing process means that the size of the shearing blade can be adjusted to increase the membrane’s surface area, thereby boosting the reaction and product yield.

This innovative approach not only addresses the challenge of industrial CO2 emissions but also adds commercial value to the captured carbon, making the process more attractive for widespread adoption.

This research is part of the University of Virginia’s commitment to advancing green energy technologies.

The findings were published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces and supported by various institutions, including the UVA Environmental Institute and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

The collaborative effort underscores the importance of scalable technologies in addressing the environmental challenges posed by current CO2 levels and emissions.

Read more: Virginia Wants To Leave The Regional Carbon Trading Program

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