Three Carbon Capture And Storage Projects Selected To Receive $890M From DOE

Three CCS Projects Selected To Receive Outstanding $890 Million DOE Award - Carbon Herald

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Clean Energy Demonstrations (OCED) has selected three carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects to receive $890 million. Two of the projects are for natural gas power plants and one is for coal.

The three selected projects have the potential to prevent roughly 7.75 million metric tons of CO2 emissions from being released into the atmosphere each year, an amount equivalent to the annual CO2 emissions of 1.7 million gasoline-powered cars.

Baytown Carbon Capture and Storage

Calpine‘s Baytown Carbon Capture and Storage is one of the selected projects that plans to capture CO2 from the Baytown Energy Center, a natural gas combined-cycle power plant.

The captured CO2 will be transported using new and existing pipelines and sequestered in storage sites on the Gulf Coast. The project is also assessing the utilization of graywater cooling in its operations in order to reduce the use of freshwater.

Project Tundra

Project Tundra, a carbon capture system that will be implemented next to the Milton R. Young Station, a coal-fired power plant located near Center, North Dakota is also among the awardees. The captured CO2 will be stored in saline geologic formations beneath and around the facility.

Project Tundra is expected to have a capture capacity of up to 4 million metric tons of CO2 every year. At the moment it has at its disposal the largest fully permitted CO2 storage facility in the U.S. and combined with an additional storage location in North Dakota has the capacity to store up to 222 million metric tons of CO2 in the state.

In September 2023 environmental organizations CURE and Sierra Club submitted comments to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) challenging the agency’s environmental analysis and approval of funding for the project citing concerns about the substantial amounts of water needed to operate the facility and calculations that for roughly every ton of CO2 stored there will be three emitted in the atmosphere.

Sutter Decarbonization Project

The third project is also owned by Calpine. It will be deployed at the Sutter Decarbonization Project, which aims to deploy a commercial-scale carbon capture system at the Sutter Energy Center, a 550-MW natural gas combined-cycle power plant, and transport and sequester the captured CO2 in underground saline geologic formations.

This project stands out for being the first in the world to implement an air-cooling system at a CO2 capture facility, which eliminates the need for cooling water and reduces the use of freshwater.

All funding applicants were also required to submit a Community Benefits Plan outlining how their projects would benefit local communities.

Relevant: DOE Makes $27 Million Available For CO2 Transport Networks

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