New Study Highlights The Importance Of Forest Type Selection In Afforestation

New Study Highlights The Importance Of Forest Type Selection In Afforestation - Carbon Herald
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As humans are causing massive forest cover loss due to deforestation which is also an astounding source of emissions, planting available land with new forests is a must in global efforts to take responsibility for the damage and address climate change. New research is looking into how afforestation can increase carbon sequestration.

The research called “Careful selection of forest types in afforestation can increase carbon sequestration by 25% without compromising sustainability” is authored by Tomoko Hasegawa, Shinichiro Fujimori, Akihiko Ito and Kiyoshi Takahashi.

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According to the study, the selection of forest type is critical in terms of how much carbon emissions are sequestered by the forest. Selecting a carbon-intensive forest type that is different from the native forest type could increase the CO2 sequestered by 25%.

The study also warns about the risks associated with choosing inappropriate afforestation. If done at scale, the risks could be a worsened economy, food and land systems, decreased land efficiency in carbon removal, high food prices and increased risk of hunger. The results suggest the need to implement carbon-intensive forest types with complementary measures that reduce the adverse impacts on food and land sustainability.

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The researchers have quantified how forest-type selection combined with food-related measures would affect the carbon sequestration potential and food- and land-related sustainability. They have developed a framework that calculates the carbon removal potential of afforestation assuming different types of forest used. The framework combines an economic model, a land-use allocation model, and a terrestrial vegetation model.

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