LSU has recently secured a substantial grant of nearly $500,000 from the LSU Institute for Energy Innovation to aid in the development of innovative carbon leak sensors.
The project, led by LSU Assistant Professor Jyotsna Sharma, involves a team of researchers from LSU and collaborators at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL).
The primary focus of the research team is on creating a distributed fiber-optic sensor (DFOS) capable of monitoring CO2 leaks and structural integrity in CCS sites and CO2 pipelines. This cutting-edge technology has the potential to greatly enhance the monitoring and safety measures in place for carbon capture and storage endeavors.
The sensors have a diameter of less than 0.5 inches, allowing them to be lightweight and able to quickly detect leaks. Their flexibility also enables them to be easily installed to several kilometers of pipelines and wellbores, making them a versatile and practical solution for identifying carbon leaks.
Sharma highlighted the significance of these carbon leak sensors, emphasizing that they will provide a large-scale sensing capability for identifying leaks along extensive well and pipeline infrastructure.
Unlike traditional CO2 point-sensors that only measure one location, the new sensors will be equipped with 5,000-ft. fibers, allowing for the detection of leaks at various points along the infrastructure.
Read more: LSU To Offer A New Degree In Carbon Capture
Manas Gartia, an associate professor at LSU, is researching the creation of nanomaterials that can detect CO2. Together with Sharma, they intend to apply these nanomaterials onto the distributed fiber-optic sensors once the cladding has been removed.
Sharma and Gartia will conduct experimental demonstrations of the sensor’s performance in both low and high-pressure flow loop facilities.
Furthermore, the sensors will undergo testing in the 5,163-ft. deep wellbore at LSU’s PERTT Lab, as well as at a CCS field site in partnership with industry collaborators such as Shell, one of two collaborators involved in this project.