Germany’s New Initiative: Onshore CO2 Storage In Federal States

Germany's New Initiative: Onshore CO2 Storage In Federal States - Carbon Herald
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Onshore CO2 storage is set to play a pivotal role in Germany’s efforts towards achieving greenhouse gas neutrality by 2045. 

In a new initiative, the government has introduced a draft law reform that would allow for the storage of CO2 both under the seabed and on land, contingent upon the approval from individual federal states. 

This proposed reform signifies a significant shift in Germany’s stance on carbon storage, as it would effectively lift the existing prohibition on such activities within the country.

Relevant: Industry In Germany Urges Govt To Speed Up Carbon Capture And Storage Strategy

Onshore CO2 storage has long been a contentious issue in Germany, with concerns ranging from potential leaks to the uncertain long-term effects of storing carbon dioxide underground.

In Germany, there have been numerous demonstrations over the years opposing the use of certain decarbonization technologies, as environmental activists feared that coal power plant operators would exploit them to prolong the dependency on fossil fuels. 

Various organizations have raised concerns about certain aspects of the plans, including offshore storage, that may pose a threat to marine wildlife.

Nevertheless, Germany, a leading industrialized country in Europe, acknowledges the challenges of meeting its climate targets by 2045. In order to fulfill this ambitious plan, the country now must explore the possibility of storing captured carbon onshore, in addition to the option of storing carbon in the North Sea.

Read more: Germany To Greenlight Carbon Capture & Storage From Gas Power Plants

The government plans to allow the capture and storage of CO2 from fossil gas-fired power plants, which Germany intends to utilize in the near future as backup capacity for intermittent renewable power generation. These initiatives will not be eligible for government funding, and CSS for coal-fired power plants will not be authorized. 

Another one of the newly approved draft bills by the government focuses on speeding up the incorporation of hydrogen into the nation’s energy and industrial sectors. This will lead to the rapid development of hydrogen infrastructure as well as import and production facilities. 

The newly proposed changes must now be discussed and determined by parliament.

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